Province of Rize, which has 12 towns, 18 municipalities and 351 villages, has a population of 343,212 and 223,584 of total population (65.1%) inhabits in city centers, while 119.628 (%34.9) live in rural areas. Population growth rate is recorded as -15.48 ‰ for 2019 (country average is 14.04 ‰). 2019 net migration rate is -21.87 %. Population of the city center is 147.411. The land area of the city comprises 3,922 square kilometers and population density is 88 inhabitants per km² while the average population density of Turkey is 108. The proportion of young population entering into working-age (15-24 age range) is 14.86 %. Population in working-age (15-64 age range) represents 68.03% of total population.
According to 2019 year data, TR90 has 64.1% labor force participation rate (Turkey’s average is 58.5%). Employment rate is 57.3.1% (TR average 50.3%). Unemployment rate is 10.6%. According to 2019 data, there are 40.609 employed, consisting of 19,254 men and 21,335 women, registered to İŞKUR (Turkish Employment Agency). Employment in city by sector is 63.8% agriculture, 9.7% industry, 26.5% services.
Rize has 4 public hospitals, 1 training and research hospital, 4 district hospitals, 1 private hospital, 1 private medical center. Total bed capacity within these health facilities 1,109. 701 doctors are serving in Rize where there is one doctor for each 585 inhabitants.
Literacy rate is 96.4% in general, comprising 98.4% literacy rate among men, and 94.4% among women. The number of people, who has college or faculty degree or higher, is 48.572. Schooling ratio is above the TR average. The number of students per teacher 14 and 12 for primary and secondary schools whereas it is 17 for general high school. Total number of education institutions of pre-primary, primary education, upper secondary education, vocational and technical education is 405. Total number of students is 66,200. In addition, there are 13 Public Education Centre in the province. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University has 44 academic units constituted by 3 institutes, 14 faculties, 5 colleges, 6 vocational schools, 16 centers for practice and research. It has 497 academician and 632 academic staff, and totally 17,224 students.
SOCIAL and CULTURAL LIFE:
In Rize during 2009-2019, 143 plays of state theaters had been put on stage 266 times, and 99,120 spectators attended these events. Total number of public libraries in Rize and its districts is 16, which include 222,853 books. Number visitors is 47.777 and 27.517 books had been lended. In addition, there are three museums in Rize, Ethnographic Museum, Atatürk's House Museum and Çaykur Tea Museum.
Rize has potential for copper, iron, granite, manganese and geothermal resources. Rize constitutes 8.4 percent in metal ore export of Turkey in 2019. Çayeli- Madenköy copper-lead-zinc area which is operated by Çayeli Copper Co. Inc. is estimated to exhaust in a near future.
AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK:
Agricultural area in Rize is 58,599 ha. 90% of its agricultural area is used for tea production. Agricultural activities are limited because of the inadequacy of agricultural lands. Agricultural production of city is 2.9 billion TL in 2019 constitutes 1.5% of Turkey overall.
The size of animal husbandry activities is not developed, so total value of live animals and animal products in Rize constitutes just 0.4% of Turkey’s corresponding values.
Eastern Black Sea Region provides around 62% of Turley’s sea products. Rize has the biggest production on sea products after Ordu, Trabzon and İstanbul.
In 2019 Rize made USD 169.1 million of total export. With this amount Rize ranks 8th among 18 Black Sea Region provinces and 46th among all provinces of Turkey. On the other hand, total import of the province is USD 27.4 million. Rize’s export in mining of metal ores comprises 67.2% of overall exports of the province and 8.4% of Turkey metal ore export.
A very large part of exports in the province of Rize is carried out by a Canadian company named as First Quantum Mining Co. that owns Çayeli Copper Operations. In addition, although the province's economy is largely dependent on tea, its contribution to the exports is hardly any, and almost all of tea production is consumed through the domestic market.
In 2019, public investments with an amount of 1,708.1 million TL has been addressed to Rize. Top three sectors by public investment are transportation (1,184.8 million TL), other public investment (140.7 million TL) and agriculture (119.6 million TL).
According to the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey, there are 249 firms with capacity report in the province. The economic activity of 120 firms is processing of tea, which constitutes nearly half of the total number of firms.
In 2019, 1,024,010 tourists visited Rize where 134.173 of them were foreign visitors. There are two 5 stars, seven 3 stars, two 2 stars hotels along with 58 bungalow houses and small pensions, most of which are located in Çamlıhemşin district. Total capacity of those facilities consists of 2,463 rooms with 5,303 beds. In addition, there are 10 hotels with investment certificates taken from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. After the completion of these investments, total accommodation capacity will grow by 525 rooms and 1,135 beds.
There are two Cultural and Tourism Preservation and Development Regions in Rize; Ayder and Anzer. According to the new investment incentive systems, although Rize is in 4th investment incentive region, tourism investments on these regions benefit from 5th region’s incentives.
According to the data sourced by Provincial Directorate of Science Industry and Technology, 75 percent of the registered industrial businesses composed by tea factories owned by ÇAYKUR and private businesses. 12,173 of 15,552 industrial personnel are employed in tea industry. The number of enterprises registered in the industry in Rize is 396. As the infrastructure of Rize Organized Industrial Zone is completed, companies started the facility investments which will produce 1,300 new job opportunity.
In central Rize and its districts, there are 6 Small Industrial Estates which contain 637 active workplaces..
Transportation in Rize is carried out by road and maritime transport. Trabzon Airport is near to Rize, which is located 75 km away. In addition, Rize-Artvin airport which estimated to be completed by 2020 will improve the transportation infrastructure of the city. Completion of Rize Organized Industrial Zone and Ovit Tunnel, which is gate between Black Sea Area and southern regions of Turkey making transportation easier and faster, increased importance of Rize in terms of logistics. Rize port with its hub location in transits has 170,000 m2 hinterland and 11,000 m2 indoor space.
There are 12 banks operating with 48 branches in Rize. Number of people per branch is 7,150. Total deposits are 3.1 billion TL while the total loans are 5.4 billion TL. Deposit per branch is 65 million TL, and loan per branch is 113 million TL. In 2019, loan/deposit ratio is 174,2 while it is 116,2 for the average of Turkey.