SS | | Trabzon loading | 444 8 290


Province of Rize, which has 12 towns, 18 municipalities and 346 villages, has a population of 344,359 and 228,670 of total population (66.4%) inhabits in city centers, while 115,689 (%33.6) live in rural areas. Population growth rate is recorded as 3.3 ‰ for 2020 (country average is 5.5 ‰). 2020 net migration rate is -0.4 %. Population of the city center is 148,735. The land area of the city comprises 3,922 square kilometers and population density is 88 inhabitants per km² while the average population density of Turkey is 109. The proportion of young population entering into working-age (15-24 age range) is 14.38 %. Population in working-age (15-64 age range) represents 68.61% of total population.


TR90 has 59.8% labor force participation rate (Turkey’s average is 54.9%). Employment rate is 54.2% (TR average 47.5%). Unemployment rate is 9.4%. There are 46,091 employed, consisting of 31,396 men and 14,695 women, registered to İŞKUR (Turkish Employment Agency). Employment in city by sector is 63.8% agriculture, 9.7% industry, 26.5% services.


Trabzon is one of Turkey's leading medical centers with infrastructure and personnel and 1 university hospital, 18 state and 3 private hospitals, several health care facilities,. Public, private and university hospitals serve both our own citizens and patients from nearby geography and neighboring countries. While the number of beds per 1,000 people in Trabzon is 7.8 , while Turkey’s average is 2,65.While the total number of physicians per 100,000 people is 224, Turkey’s average is 181. Also Trabzon, in terms of number of “health tourist” in Turkey is among the top 10 cities.


Literacy rate is 96.5% in general, comprising 99% literacy rate among men, and 94% among women. The number of people, who has college or faculty degree or higher, is 50,763. Schooling ratio is above the TR average. The number of students per teacher 14 and 11 for primary and secondary schools whereas it is 13 for general high school. Total number of education institutions of pre-primary, primary education, upper secondary education, vocational and technical education is 334. Total number of students is 55,833. In addition, there are 13 Public Education Centre in the province. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University has 41 academic units constituted by 1 institute, 15 faculties, 3 colleges, 6 vocational schools, 16 centers for practice and research. It has 517 academician and 700 academic staff, and totally 19,330 students.


In Rize during 2009-2019, 210 plays of state theaters had been put on stage 433 times, and 140,177 spectators attended these events. Total number of public libraries in Rize and its districts is 16, which include 207,537 books. In 2020 number of visitors is 15,427 and 9,232 books had been lended. In first half of 2021 number of books in these public libraries is 220,944, number of visitors is 12,256 and 14,612 books had been lended. In addition, there are three museums in Rize, Ethnographic Museum, Atatürk's House Museum and Çaykur Tea Museum.


Rize has potential for copper, iron, granite, manganese and geothermal resources. Rize constitutes 6.2 percent in metal ore export of Turkey in 2020. Çayeli- Madenköy copper-lead-zinc area which is operated by Çayeli Copper Co. Inc. is estimated to exhaust in a near future.


Agricultural area in Rize is 58,211 ha. 95.2% of its agricultural area is used for tea production. Agricultural activities are limited because of the inadequacy of agricultural lands. Agricultural production of city is 3.25 billion TL in 2020 constitutes 1.3% of Turkey overall.
The size of animal husbandry activities is not developed, so total value of live animals and animal products in Rize constitutes just 0.3% of Turkey’s corresponding values.
Eastern Black Sea Region provides around 45% of Turley’s sea products. Rize has the biggest production on sea products after Ordu, Trabzon and İstanbul.


In 2020 Rize made USD 165.4 million of total export. With this amount Rize ranks 10th among 18 Black Sea Region provinces and 46th among all provinces of Turkey. On the other hand, total import of the province is USD 35,321 million. Rize’s export in mining of metal ores comprises 50.62% of overall exports of the province and 6.2% of Turkey metal ore export.
A very large part of exports in the province of Rize is carried out by a Canadian company named as First Quantum Mining Co. that owns Çayeli Copper Operations. In addition, although the province's economy is largely dependent on tea, its contribution to the exports is hardly any, and almost all of tea production is consumed through the domestic market.


Transportation in Rize is carried out by road and maritime transport. Trabzon Airport is near to Rize, which is located 75 km away. In addition, Rize-Artvin airport will improve the transportation infrastructure of the city. Completion of Rize Organized Industrial Zone and Ovit Tunnel, which is gate between Black Sea Area and southern regions of Turkey making transportation easier and faster, increased importance of Rize in terms of logistics. Rize port with its hub location in transits has 170,000 m2 hinterland and 11,000 m2 indoor space.


In 2020, public investments with an amount of 8,160.9 million TL has been addressed to Rize. Top three sectors by public investment are transportation (6,318.1 million TL), housing (921.5million TL) and agriculture (312.5 million TL).
According to the Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey, there are 257 firms with capacity report in the province. The economic activity of 126 firms is processing of tea, which constitutes nearly half of the total number of firms.


In 2019, 1,024,010 tourists visited Rize where 134.173 of them were foreign visitors. However there has been a significant drop in the number of the tourists because of the covid-19 pandemic since 2020. There are three 5 stars, eight 3 stars, two 2 stars hotels along with 80 bungalow houses and small pensions, most of which are located in Çamlıhemşin district. Total capacity of those facilities consists of 3,076 rooms with 6,767 beds. In addition, there are 9 hotels with investment certificates taken from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. After the completion of these investments, total accommodation capacity will grow by 498 rooms and 982 beds.
There are two Cultural and Tourism Preservation and Development Regions in Rize; Ayder and Anzer. According to the new investment incentive systems, although Rize is in 3th investment incentive region, tourism investments on these regions benefit from 5th region’s incentives.


According to the data sourced by Provincial Directorate of Science Industry and Technology, 75 percent of the registered industrial businesses composed by tea factories owned by ÇAYKUR and private businesses. 14,164 of 15,584 industrial personnel are employed in tea industry. The number of enterprises registered in the industry in Rize is 405. As the infrastructure of Rize Organized Industrial Zone is completed, companies started the facility investments which will produce 1,300 new job opportunity.
In central Rize and its districts, there are 6 Small Industrial Estates which contain 856 active workplaces.


There are 12 banks operating with 48 branches in Rize. Number of people per branch is 7,174. Total deposits are 5.55 billion TL while the total loans are 9.05 billion TL. Deposit per branch is 116 million TL, and loan per branch is 189 million TL. In 2020, loan/deposit ratio is 163.1 while it is 104.3 for the average of Turkey.


344,359 (2020)

Annual Population Growth

3.34 ‰

Net İmmigration


Unemployment Ratio

9.4 % (2020) (TR90)

Median Age



3,922 km² (lakes excluded)


66.40 %

Population Density

88 people/km2


41° 01.2' North 40° 31.2' East

Time Zone

GMT +2

Neighboring Cities

Trabzon, Erzurum, Artvin,

Major Counties (Urban Population)

Centre (117,321), Ardeşen (30,577), Çayeli (23,860), Pazar (17,663)


Warm and rainy

Telephone Code

+90 464

Country Code Top-Level Domain


Annual Export

165.4 million USD (2020)

Annual Import

35.3 million USD (2020)

Chamber of Commerce and Industry Members


Annual Inflation Rate

14.60% (CPI – 2020/12 TR)

Major Exported Goods

Metallic ore, food and beverage, fishery

Major Imported Goods

Coal, chemicals and products, machine and equipment

Major Agricultural Products

Tea leaves, hazelnut, kiwi, blueberry

Major Underground Sources

Copper, iron, manganese, marble, geothermal

Major Produced Goods

Tea, woven fabric, packaged natural spring water

Trade Agreements

Customs Union Agreement with the EU

Free Trade Agreements with Albania, Bosnia Herzegovina, Croatia, EFTA member countries (Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein), Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Macedonia, Montenegro, Morocco, Palestine, Serbia, Syria, Tunisia


nearest one at Trabzon, 75 km, 45 minutes highway driving

Distance to border gate

Sarp border gate 104 km.

Doğu Karadeniz BölgesiRize
Uzman Görüşü
Kalkınma Kütüphanesi
Kalkınma İdareleri
Faydalı Linkler