Rize province has 12 districts, 18 municipalities and 351 villages. According to the ABPRS results of 2017, the population is 331.041. While 222.418 people, 67.2% of the population live in provincial / district centers, 108.623 (32.8%) live in towns and villages. In 2017, the population growth rate was -2.1% (12.5%). As of 2017, the net migration rate of Rize was -1.8%. The population of the city center is 117.664. The province HAS the area of 3,922 km2 and a population density is 84 people per square kilometer (101 per capita in Turkey). The ratio of the young population in the 15-24 age group to the total population is 15.62%; The proportion of working age population (228.876) in the 15-64 age group is 69.14%.
According to data from the labor force participation rate for 2013 is 51.6% (average 50.8% of Turkey). The employment rate is 48.1% (TR average 45.9%). The unemployment rate is 6.7%. According to 2017 data, there are a total of 36,381 people, 15,170 men and 21,211 women registered to İŞKUR. The labor force in the province is employed in the agriculture sector by 64.3%, in the industrial sector by 9.4% and in the services sector by 26.3%.
There are 4 state hospitals, 1 education and research hospital, 4 district hospitals, 1 private hospital, 1 private medical center and total bed capacity is 1,018. A total of 587 physicians work and 560 people have one physician average.(TR average 557).
The average literacy rate is 95.8% and 98.8% for men and 92.7% for women. The number of people with higher education is 39.065. Schooling rates are higher than the average of Turkey and the number of students per classroom is 17 in primary and secondary schools, for general secondary education it is 21 (TR average 25 and 31). The total number of pre-primary, primary, general secondary and vocational and technical secondary education institutions is 377. The number of students in these schools is 66.182. In addition, there are 13 public education centers. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University consists of 42 academic units including 3 institutes, 13 faculties, 5 colleges, 7 vocational colleges, 14 research and application centers. The university has 391 faculty members, 942 faculty members and a total of 19,478 students.
There are 28 theater halls in TR90 region. 5 of them are located in Rize. In 2017, 23 theater plays and 39 performances took the stage and a total of 15,400 visitors attended these events. The number of cinema films shown in 9 halls in 3 cinemas in the province is 152 and the number of viewers reached 108.000. There are 3 museums in the province: Ethnography Museum, Atatürk House Museum and ÇAYKUR Çay İçim Museum. In addition, there are 16 public libraries with a total of 181,002 books.
In Rize province, there is a high potential determined in sources such as Copper-Lead-Zinc, Feldspar, Geothermal, Kaolin, Manganese, and the reserve is low but there is potential in marble and iron. Turkey exports of metal ores in 2018 wasa total of 1.14 billion USD and 7% of the exports are carried out by Rize (79.6 USD). There are 1.283.325 tons of metal zinc, 908.107 tons of metal copper, 10 tons of gold and 265 tons of metal silver. Çayeli-Madenköy Copper-Lead-Zinc field, which is the most important mining area in the province in terms of metallic mines whih is managed by Çayeli Bakır İşletmeleri A.Ş. and the reserve is expected to end by 2020.
AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK:
The total agricultural area is 54,589 ha. More than 91% of the area is tea cultivation. Rize’s crop production value reached 3 billion USD which constitutes 2% of Turkey’s total production. Animal breeding couldnt developed due to several reasons, therefore Rize’s share in Turkey is 0.4%. Animal production increased slightly in 2017 due to the increase in the number of animals. Total of 97 467 bucket of beekeeping activities carried out nad in 2017 a total of 1,046 tons of honey were produced. Eastern Black Sea region supplies 62% of seafood products in Turkey. Rize ranks the fourth place in the fish production segment after Ordu, Trabzon and Istanbul.
Exports in 2018 amounted to 137.1 million USD. The Black Sea Region is ranked 7th in exports in 18 provinces, and in Turkey ranks 45th. Imports amounted to USD 15.2 million. The most export-oriented economic activities are; “non-ferrous metal ores”, “Food products”and “Paint, varnish etc.” covering materials, printing ink and putty. Export of metal ores alone constitutes 58.1% of the total export of the province. In the said amount of exports it represents 7% of Turkey's exports. The highest amount of imports was recorded in “Other general purpose machinery” item with a share of 53.5%. is operated by Çayeli Copper Plant (79.6 million USD). On the other hand, although the economy of the province is heavily dependent on tea, tea product does not contribute to exports and is almost entirely offered to domestic consumption.
According to the data of the Ministry of Development, 228.4 million TL of public investment was made in Rize in 2018 (314.6 million TL in the previous year). The three sectors with the highest investment are manufacturing (91.2 million TL), transportation (76.5 million TL) and education (24 million TL) respectively. There are 251 facilities in Rize, which received 251 capacity reports according to TOBB data.
Rize province welcomes its visitors with a total of 116 immovable cultural assets including 4 military, 24 religious-cultural, 85 civil architectural examples and 3 monuments, as well as 3 archaeological and 2 natural protected areas. It has 4 tourism centers and 3 museums. In 2017, the number of visitors was 866,817, of which 105,404 were foreigners. The number of accommodation facilities operating in Rize is 68, with 1,933 rooms and 4,011 beds. There are 2 5- star, 6 3-star and 3 2-star hotels in Rize. The number of accommodation facilities that received investment certificate from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism is 11. With these investments, the number of rooms will be increased by 747 and the number of beds will be increased by 1.503. According to the new investment incentive system, tourism investments to be made in Culture and Tourism Protection and Development Regions will be able to benefit from the 5th region incentives.
75% of the industrial enterprises are made up of ÇAYKUR and private sector tea factories. Of the 15,000 people employed in the industry, 13,681 work in the tea sector. As of 2016, the number of enterprises registered in the industrial registry is 347. With the completion of infrastructure investments in Rize Organized Industrial Zone in 2017, plant investments started. With the facilities to be established in 22 parcels allocated, 1200 people will be employed. There are 7 Small Industrial Sites (CSR) Building Cooperative in Rize Center and districts. 4 of them are working effectively and 3 of them have not yet gained effectiveness. Rize Merkez, Çayeli and Ardeşen CSRs, which operate effectively, have a total of 523 workplaces.
Transpostation is mainly by highway. Air transportation is 75 km from Rize. Trabzon Rize-Artvin Airport will be a significant contribution to the transportation infrastructure. The logistical importance of the province has increased with the completion of the Ovit Tunnel, which contributes to the easier and faster transportation between the GAP region and the Black Sea, and the commissioning of the Rize Organized Industrial Zone. Rize Port is a transit road center and has 170.000 m2 back area and 11.000 m2 closed area.
There are 12 banks and 50 branches in Rize. The number of people per branch is 6,620. Total deposits amounted to TL 2.2 billion and loans amounted to TL 4 billion. Deposits per branch amounted to 45 million TL, while the amount per branch was TL 80 million. The loan / deposit ratio was realized as 1.80 and the TR average was 1.16.