POPULATION: According to the latest (2014) Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), Giresun has a population of 429.864 which makes up 16.7 percent of the total population of Eastern Black Sea Region (TR90). By rural-urban distribution, 63 % of population in Giresun (270.615) live in urban, while 37% (159.369) live in rural areas. The sub-provinces which have the largest population are Central Sub-Province, Bulancak and Espiye respectively, while the smallest one by population is Çamoluk. With 6831 km2 surface area, Giresun’s population density is 63 person/km2. Annual population growth is 1,16%, and proportion of the population between 15-24 age group is 15,7%.
LABORFORCE: Laborforce participation rate is 51,3%, employment rate is 47,9% and unemployment rate is 6,5% in Giresun. According to 2014 Laborforce Market Report, among 15.663 unemployed people registered to İŞKUR (Turkish Employment Agency), 8.403 are men and 7260 are women. 47% of total registered unemployed people are composed of 20-29 age group. Among the unemployed people who registered to İŞKUR, 21,9% of men are in 25-29 age group while 22,8% of women are in 20-24 age group. Educational status of registered laborforce to İŞKUR shows that graduates of primary, secondary and high schools make up 78% of total unemployed people while the ratio is 13,8% for graduates of associate degree and bachelors degree.
HEALTH: There are 12 state hospitals, 3 sub-province state hospitals and 2 private hospitals in Giresun. Among them, 6 hospitals (4 is state-owned, 2 is privately owned) are located in the city center and 11 are located in the sub-provinces. According to the February 2015 data of the Provincial Directorate of Health, total bed capacity of state hospitals, including the sub-provinces, is 1341. The two private hospitals in the city center hold a bed capacity of 201. According to TURKSTAT data, in Giresun, there are 556 physicians in total, 298 of which are medical experts and 258 are practititoners. There are 23 Emergency Health Service Stations and 45 Ambulances in Giresun. Also, Faculty of Medicine under Giresun University and its Research and Application Hospital provides its services in the province.
EDUCATION: School enrollment is 98,5% in Giresun. Among 81 provinces, Giresun ranked 29th in the latest Level Determination Exam(SBS) which is realized annually countrywide. Number of schools is 485, number of classes is 3688 and number of total students is 78976. There are 45 vocational high schools in the province and also 16 Public Training Centers which provide adult vocational training. Giresun Üniversity which was established in 2006 has 25.000 students attending its high schools and faculties. There are 10 faculties, 5 high schools, 11 vocational high schools, 7 Research and Application Centers and 1 State Conservatoire within the university. Black Sea Strategic Research and Application Center (KARASAM), Giresun University Sustainable Education Research and Application Center (GÜSEM), Hazelnut Research and Application Center (GİFAM) and Women’s Problems Research and Application Center (GUKAM) are among the research and application centers of the university.
SOCIAL LIFE: There are 8 sinema halls, 1 museum, 15 public libraries, 1 municipality theatre, 1 sub-province art theatre, 30 local newspapers, 2 local TV channels, 9 local radio stations in Giresun.
UNDERGROUND SOURCES: Giresun has important metallic mine deposits. The province has rich potential particularly in copper, lead and zinc deposits. These mineral deposits are existent in overall province but the richest ones are located in Espiye, Tirebolu and Şebinkarahisar sub-provinces. Proven and probable bentonite, barite, and kaolin reserves which are used as industrial raw material are particularly sited in Dereli, Bulancak and Şebinkarahisar sub-provinces. The licensed metallic mine fields in Giresun are composed of copper-zinc-lead reserves and barite, marble and alunite reserves which are used as industrial raw materials.
AGRICULTURE: By land distribution in Giresun, 32% is made up of forest, 26% agricultural land, 22% pasture and 20% non-agricultural lands. 64% of agricultural land is made up of hazelnut gardens while 32% is cropland and 4% is tea, fruit and vegetable areas. In plant production, 117.729 hectar is hazelnut area. Giresun has 17% of all hazelnut production area all over the country and has 20% of all hazelnut production in the countrywide. In addition to hazelnut production, cereal and fruit production is done in the province. Animal breeding is composed of meat, milk, egg, honey and sea products production. There are 479 enterprises active in the agriculture based industry.
FOREIGN TRADE: Export in Giresun rests on agricultural industry products the large part of which is based on hazelnut processing. Hazelnut which has a share of 83% in the whole export, is exported mainly to the European countries such as Germany, Italy, Sweden, UK, France, Austria, Belgium, Denmark and Holland where hazelnut dependent food industry is developed and hazelnut consumption is prevalent. According to 2014 data, 213,8 million $ export was realized in Giresun. With regard to import data, Germany cones first among the main import countries while Kazakstan and Italy are the other important import countries. Main import items are composed of agricultural products, machine and equipment and food products.
INVESTMENT: With regard to sector-based distribution of all public investments in Giresun, agriculture, education and transportation are the lead sectors. As one of the most important investments in the area of transportation, Giresun-Şebinkarahisar-Sivas Corridor Gateway(Eğribel Gateway) Project is currently under construction. In the area of health, ongoing construction work of Giresun Maternity and Pediatrics Hospital, Espiye State Hospital, Health Houses in Piraziz, Bulancak and Alucra Sub-Provinces and Giresun Dental Health Center with 40 units capacity are among the important investments in Giresun. Also, works related with Eastern Black Sea Tourism Master Plan, Bulancak 2. Organized Industrial Zone and Ordu-Giresun Airport Project are being realized rapidly which are very significant investments fort he whole province. In terms of private sector investments in the last two years (2012-2014) Ministry of Economy has granted 79 Investment Incentive Certificates, 43% of which is given to service sector while 36% is given to manufacturing sector investments. In the same period, the total amount of certificated investments has been 810 million TL and the expected employment is 2497.
TOURISM: Giresun was established on the peninsula bounded by the Aksu and Batlama valleys. Like other cities located on the Eastern Black Sea region, Giresun has been a calm and peaceful city having natural richness. Giresun Island (Aretias) which is located 1 mile distant from the coast attributes a particular value to the city by being the only island along the Eastern Black Sea. With its natural beauty, historical heritage, bird observation areas and cultural structure mixed with mythological stories, the Island is the center of attraction for tourists. In the city, Giresun Castle and Giresun Museum are the first destinations of domestic and foreign tourists. Besides Bektaş, Kümbet and Kulakkaya plateaus which have been declared as tourism centers, Karagöl, Kazıkbeli, Çakrak, Paşakonağı, Karaovacık, Dokuzgöz and Sisdağı are the well-known plateaus in Giresun. Since the plateaus are not too far away from the city center and the roads are paved, there is no transportation problem. According to 2013 data, including domestic and foreign tourists, number of day-stays of is 52.298 and number of overnight stays is 75.252. Total bed capacity is 1734. Number of facilities with Tourism Management Certificate is 11 and facilities with Tourism Investment Certificate is 5.
INDUSTRY: Giresun is hometown to world’s best quality hazelnut, and thus, it is the most important trade product of the city. In the past, hazelnut was exported in natural form, but today it is exported in roasted, blanched, chopped, sliced, mea and paste form as a side-ingredient in chocolate, biscuit, confectionary industry, in making sweets, pastries and ice-cream and in meals and salads. In addition to state incentives provided to the investors in Giresun, in recent years also a fast development has been realized in the industrial infrastructure. Currently, 1 Organized Industrial Zone (OIZ) is active and one is at planning stage. Giresun 1st OIZ with 70 hectare area is 1 km. distanced from the city center, while 2nd OIZ having 48 ha. area is located next to the Black Sea High Way in Bulancak sub-province. Ground studies and construction plan for the 2nd OIZ have been completed and its expropriation work is still continuing. There are 206 companies in Giresun which have Industrial Registry Certificate. In the 1st Organized Industrial Zone, there are 39 companies which provide employment for 689 people. According to sector-based distribution of industrial companies, 40% of production is made up by food products manufacturing, 11% by mining sector, 9% by mineral products manufacturing, 8% garment manufacturing. According to industry registry records, number of employed people in the industrial enterprises is 4207.
BANKING: In Giresun, there are 13 banks with 49 branches in total. Number of customers by branch is 8674. Total amount of deposits is 2,05 billion TL and total amount of loans is 2,33 billion TL. In 2013, loan-to-deposit ratio was 1,07 in Turkey while it was 1,13 in Giresun.
GİRESUN AT A GLANCE:
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