POPULATION: According the results of TurkStat Address-based Population Registration System (ABPRS) in 2013, Artvin, which has 7 districts, has a population of 169,334. More than half of inhabits (55.7%) live in city centers, while 44,3% live in rural areas. The male population is more than the female population with the share of 50.3% (85,160 male and 84,174 female). According to the referred statistics , population of the city center (Artvin district) is 25,192. Population density is 23 inhabitants per km² while the average population density of Turkey is 100. Most populated districts in Artvin are Central District (Artvin), Hopa, Arhavi and Borçka respectively whereas the least populated district is Murgul. The proportion of young population entering into working-age (15-24 age range) is 15.08%. This ratio is slightly lower than country-wide average (16.55%). Nevertheless, this ratio can be considered as a significant size in terms of labor supply. When considered that job opportunities are limited in Artvin, if potential job opportunities are provided, it can be said that remigration ,starting in 2011, will continue and this ratio will increase.
LABOR FORCE: Artvin has 50.7% labor force participation rate. Employment rate of Artvin is 47.1% and unemployment rate is 7.1% ( Turkey’s averages in these rates are 48.3% - 43.9% - 9% respectively ). According to 2012 data, there are 10,188 unemployed, consisting of 5,257 men and 4,931 women, registered to İŞKUR (Turkish Employment Agency). 15.5% of the unemployments are graduated from university.
According to the Labour Market Demand Study made by Artvin İŞKUR in 2013, 62.95% of the employees are working in the Construction, Manufacturing, Wholesale and Retail Trade sectors. The construction sector has most employees in the province which has 26.55% share of the total employees in Artvin.
HEALTH: There are 8 public hospitals, 8 community health centers, 16 family health centers, 1 oral and dental health service, 1 tuberculosis dispensary, 2 cancer control units, 60 health houses, 1 maternal and child health center and family planning center, 22 emergency aid and rescue stations and 37 pharmacies in Artvin. All districts have one public hospital. When considered that there aren’t any private hospital and university hospital throughout Artvin, it is seen that some investments can be done in this sector. Average number of hospital beds is 2.68 per 1,000 people in Artvin whereas the number of Turkey average is only 2.65. But number of physician is not enough in Artvin. The number of physcians per thousand people is 1.29 in Artvin. However the number of Turkey average is 1.7 and it is higher than Artvin. When we look at the current situation, it can be seen that some precautions are needed for development of the health sector in Artvin.
EDUCATION: Literacy rate is 93.52% in general in Artvin, comprising 96.59% literacy rate among men, and 90,42% among women. The number of people, who has college or faculty degree or higher, is 16,234. Schooling ratios in pre-primary, primary and secondary education are above the Turkey average. The number of students per classroom in pre-primary, primary and secondary education is lower than Turkey average, the number of students per classroom in pre-primary school is 18.25 while countrywide average is 24.08, these numbers are 16.96 ( Artvin ), 32.33 ( Turkey ) in primary school and 25.64, 40.32 in secondary school respectively that is a very good level compared to the Turkey average, this is a positive aspect and an important issue for the province in terms of physical infrastructure.
Total number of education institutions of pre-primary, primary education, upper secondary education, vocational and technical education is 252. Total number of students is 32,265. In addition, there are 8 Public Education Centres in the province. Artvin Coruh University has 16 academic units constituted by 2 institutes, 7 faculties, 7 vocational high schools. In 2013/14 education season, the total number of academic staff in Coruh University has reached to 468.
SOCIAL AND CULTURAL LIFE: There are 1 theatre, 1 cinema, 8 libraries, 15 local newspapers, 4 cultural centers, 3 youth centers and 1 shopping center in Artvin. The festivals organized especially on july and august in Artvin entertain both Artvin’s people and domestic & foreign tourists. Some famous festivals -which is organized by municipalities- such as Artvin Kafkasör Culture and Art Festival, Arhavi Culture and Art Festival and Şavşat Sahara Pancarcı Festival attract great interest and sometimes there can also be international participation to this festivals. There are bullfights in some festivals of Artvin especially in Kafkasör Culture and Art Festival, and these are well-known across the country.
NATURAL RESOURCES: Artvin is rich in metallic mineral deposits and occurences and is located in Eastern Blach Sea Region which is one of the most important metallogenic belt in terns of polymetallic mineral deposits and occurrences ( copper-lead-zinc-gold-silver ). Artvin province which is located in the the east of Eastern Black Sea Metallogenic, has 1st degree importance in terms of metallic minerals. As a result of the studies made by MTA and private institutions, 72 metallic mineral deposit and occurences are determined in Artvin which 44 of them is copper-lead-zinc, 1 of them is iron, 17 of them is manganese, 5 of them is copper-molybdenum and 5 of them is gold.
AGRICULTURE AND LIVESTOCK: Artvin’s total land area is 712,267 hectares, composed of 9% agricultural land, 15% grassland, 57% forest land, 19% non-cultural land. That means only less than 10% of Artvin total land can be engaged in agriculture. According to annual report of Artvin Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Livestock, there are 24,363 agricultural enterprises in the province. It is possible to see climate types with different characteristics from subtropical climate to terrestrial climate in the same period in Artvin. This situation makes it possible to cultivate a wide variety of agricultural products in the province. Artvin is the richest city in Turkey with 2,354 plant species and 210 of them are endemic. Also, rich plant diversity and forest land is a very important opportunity for both beekeeping activities and non-wood forest products in Artvin which is the richest city in the Eastern Black Sea Region in terms of forest land. Tea, hazelnut and fruit growing, beekeeping, fishing, sheep and cattle breeding can be listed among the main agricultural and livestock activities. Artvin provides 10% of tea production in Turkey (120,028 tonnes in 2013). Corn, potato, alfaalfa (green), sainfoin, tomato, bean, cucumber, apple, walnut, cherry, pear, plum, mandarin, berry, persimmon, kiwi and olive are other important agricultural products. Artvin has a productivity above Turkey average at many types of fruits. Due to the underdeveloped industry, Artvin has extremely suitable agricultural land for organic production. Organic agricultural production is 1,717.64 tons in 2013 and also Artvin is the first province in the organic agricultural production in terms of the variety of products with 46 kind of products between the provinces of Eastern Blacksea Region. The Gene Center of Caucasian Bee Race which is one of the most productive three bee races in the World is in Camili Basin- Artvin. Artvin takes first place between Turkey’s provinces at the organic honey production in 2013 with the production of 48.91 tons. The city has rich underground and aboveground resources for aquaculture. Potential of cage culture will increase with the completion of the dams.
FOREIGN TRADE: In 2013 55.3 million dolar exports and 37.5 million dolar imports are existed in the province. Iron, steel and goods made from iron and steel constitues 62% of overall exports in Artvin. Exports of the plastics and their products takes in the third place with its 22% share. Mineral fuels, mineral oils and pharmaceutical, candles constitutes 90% of the import of the province.
LOGISTICS: Artvin is located away from the main transport links. Road transportation in Artvin is mainly carried out by the road which is located in the valleys and streams route. Therefore, the highways in the province are forced to follow the narrow and winding paths. Artvin has two important highway links. Northern connection is extending to Eastern Black Sea throughout Hopa and southern connection is extending to Southeastern Anatolia throughout Erzurum are the most heavily used connections. A large part of the province’s road transport network is reshaped by the dam projects implemented in the basin of Çoruh.
One of the important ongoing project is Cankurtaran Tunnel which will combine Borçka and Hopa districts. The net length of the tunnel is 5.286 meters and with entrance and exit structures it is totally 5.300 meters. The tunnel will be the longest tunnel in Turkey and will be one of the few tunnels in Europe and in the World. Cankurtaran Tunnel provides to shorten the distance and to reduce the transportation costs but also the route will become more secure. The tunnel is expected to be completed within 2015.
Sarp Border Gate is a border gate within the borders of Artvin, which provides transition from Turkey to Georgia, is located about 15 km away from Hopa district. Recently, road transport to Russia which is one of Turkey’s lartgest trade partner and also most of the foreign trade with Georgia and Azerbaijan is provided from this border gate. Sarp border gate, which is the 8th within all the border Gates founds in Turkey in terms of density of foreign trade, is giving service not only with Turkey but also in transit trade between Europe and Asia ( 2009 ). It is the 5th busiest border gate in export traffic in Turkey.
Hopaport harbor is 15 km away from Sarp Border Gate which has border to Republic of Georgia in Eastern Black Sea Region. Hopaport is one of the most important ports not only for Turkey but also for Central Asia with its location, capacity, broad hinterland as well as its advantages in easy connection to domestic and abroad.
Park Denizcilik, which has been operating Hopaport harbor since the privatization in 1997, continues to contribute to national economy with its loading, unloading, terminal, storage, pilotage, salvage and liquid filling plant operations. Hopaport Port is considered as a gateway of Eastern Black Sea Region to the world with its location. Since the privatization date, Hopaport had new investments as the scope of closed warehouse increased from 2.000 m2 to 18.220 m2 and the scope of open warehouse increased from 54.000 m2 to 102.462 m2 and additionally increased the capacity of forklift, crane scales, service vehicles and machines. These investments continues to increase day by day in accordance with the requirements of the service. Additionally, it reached to the level that enables distribution in the harbor with 38.000 cubic meters of storage capacity in total with additional investments to fuel terminal.
Alternative air transport points to Trabzon International Airport are available in TR90 Region. Due to Artvin is 235 km far away from Trabzon Airport therefore Batumi international airport which is 90 km far away from Artvin can be used in domestic flights without any visa and customs procedures. According to an agreement signed between Turkey and Georgia, Turkish Citizens can be carried out domestic flights from Batumi Airport without any visa and customs procedures.
INVESTMENT: It is better to analyse the investments in Artvin province within two main categories as public and private sector investments. Other Public Services, Energy, Housing, Education, Transportation investments in the public sector and Tourism and Energy Sector investments in the private sector are major part of the total investments in the province. Other Public Service includes mapping, drinking water, land registry and cadastre, social infrastructure, sewage, municipal services and so on, provides backgrounds in supporting the development of many sectors. Within the period 2011-2014, 38 new certificates are registered for all investments, whereas most of the certificates consist of service sector (especiallay tourism sector) and energy sector. In this preiod, the total expected investment amount in Artvin is 950 million TL and employment in Artvin is expected to be 660.
TOURISM: Artvin, has made great progress in recent years in tourism sector. When some deficiencies like infrastructure and training are eliminated, the city will show more progress in tourism. The number of annual check-in and overnight stays of domestic and foreign tourists are respectively 391,923 and 506,206 in 2013. When the average cost of a daily overnight (eating / drinking-transportation) is counted as $ 25 per person, it can be seen that the tourism sector has been created 11,5 million added value per year in Artvin. Also, according to data from the year 2013, 3,263,990 tourists (1,384,295 of them are domestic and 1,879,695 of them are foreign tourists ) have entered into the country from Hopa-Sarp Border Gate. There are 8 tourism operation licensed hotels, 6 tourism investment licensed hotels and 100 local licensed hotels in Artvin in 2013. 114 accommodation facilities in total with 4,715 beds provide service for their guests. Many types of tourism like nature tourism (jeep safari, botanical tourism, birdwatching, camping and caravan tourism, marine tourism), sporty purpose tourism (mountains and hiking, horseback hiking, canoeing and river skiing, hunting tourism), rural tourism (agricultural tourism, village tourism, farm tourism, festival tourism), culture and history tourism, health (thermal) tourism can be performed in Artvin. There are various and important locations which contain natural beauties, historical and touristic values : Camili Biosphere Reserve Area (Turkey’s first and unique biosphere reserve area) and Maral Waterfall, Artvin Kafkasör Culture and Tourism Conservation and Development Area, İşhan, Barhal and Tekkale Churches, Arhavi Çifteköprü and Mençuna Waterfall, Ardanuç Cehennem Deresi Canyon, Yavuzköy and Yüncüler Viilages, Hatila Valley National Park, Efeler, Gorgit and Çamburnu Nature Reserve Areas, Çoruh Valley and Meydancık Balıklı Wildlife Development Areas, Sahara, Mersivan, Bilbilan and Arsiyan Plateaus, Papart Valley, Şavşat Karagöl and Borçka Karagöl etc. . Because of this and many other beautiful places where various tourism activities can be carried out, Artvin is the alternative tourism province without any alternative and the number of tourists coming to the Artvin is increasing day by day.
INDUSTRY: There are approximately 232 companies which have Industry Registration Certificate in Artvin and 36% of these companies have been operating in food products manufacturing sector. Other mining and quarrying sector with 18% share and wood and cork products with 12% share follow food product manufacturing sector. 80% of industrial companies are micro-sized, 15% is small-sized, 4% is middle-sized and 1% is big companies in Artvin. There are 3 Small Industrial Sites operating in Artvin that 336 companies are found inside them.
BANKING: There are 10 banks operating with 35 branches in Artvin. Number of people per branch is 4,838. Total deposits are 715 million TL while the total loans are 1.12 billion TL. Loan/deposit ratio is 1.57 in Artvin while it is 1.07 for the average of Turkey in 2013.
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